Morecambe Bay RPAS Transit Route
Enabling better healthcare through the use of drones
Extended Stakeholder Engagement Period Now Live!
Our Extended Stakeholder Engagement Period runs from the 17/01/22 - 28/02/22 
Updated Timeline

17/01/22  Extended Stakeholder Engagement Commences 

28/02/22  Extended Stakeholder Engagement Completed 

14/03/22  Final Submission of updated proposal to CAA 

22/04/22  CAA Decision 

02/06/22  Implementation

The Problem
The geography of Morecambe Bay causes excess journey times between the three hospitals that serve the Bay Community. The A590 is infamous, for it's hold ups, causing considerable excess time to be taken when moving samples from one hospital to the next.
The Solution 
We aim to speed up the transport of pathology samples and items between the hospitals by using Remote Piloted Aircraft Systems (drones) to fly across the bay.

Faster processing of medical samples and data between hospitals will lead to improved healthcare for the Bay community. Our flight campaign will prove the business model of drone freight systems whilst adding proven metrics in the fight to reduce carbon emissions across the Bay.
“The NHS Long Term Plan is bringing new technologies into the NHS to improve patient care and save lives."1
 Professor Tony Young. NHS National Clinical Lead for Innovation
https://newscentre.vodafone.co.uk/news/drones-to-deliver-covid-19-medical-supplies-in-scotland-using-4g/
This site is designed to provide accompanying information for Electric Aviation's Airspace Change Proposal (ACP-2021-22) for the duration of the Stakeholder Engagement Phase.  
Please use this link for the proposal on the  
CAA's Airspace Change Portal.

 https://airspacechange.caa.co.uk/PublicProposalArea?pID=371
Morecambe Bay RPAS Transit Route
is designed to support:

About Morecambe Bay RPAS Transit Route
Morecambe Bay RPAS Transit Route is designed to evaluate the potential performance gains for University Hospitals Morecambe Bay NHS Trust, by flying Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems between the Lancaster Royal Infirmary, Furness General Hospital (Barrow) and Westmoreland General Hospital in Kendal.  

The aim of these flights is to transfer pathology samples and medications between the hospitals in a more efficient manner, providing optimised healthcare to the Morecambe Bay population.  With the relevant approvals in place, we plan to conduct Beyond Visual Line of Sight operations between the above-mentioned sites. 

Airspace Location
The area within which we are proposing to fly in is centered on Morecambe Bay between 
Lancaster, Furness and Westmorland Hospitals.












Indicative Flight Campaign
Weeks 1 & 2 Test Zone T active for flight and communication tests
Week 3 Zones T,B,A active for Furness General Test 
Week 4 Zones T,C,D active for Westmorland General Test
Week 5 Zones A,B,C,D active for Furness to Westmorland Test
Week 6 Zones T,E,F,A active for R444 Test
Week 7 Zone G active for Lancaster Royal Infirmary to R444 Test
Week 8 Zones G,F,A active for Lancaster Royal Infirmary to Furness General Tests
Weeks 9-12 Zones A,B,C,D,E,F,G active for month long full flight campaign 
Routes
Following on from our initial stakeholder engagement we received a lot of valuable feedback. 
We have carefully designed the following routes to allow us to operate between the three hospitals with minimal disruption to other airspace users. 
We are grateful for the input from BAe Warton, BAe Systems Submarines, EDF Energy, ATC Walney Island, Blackpool Airport, Skydive NorthWest/Cark Airfield, Black Knights Parachuting/Cockerham Airfield, HEMS (North West/Great North Air Ambulances), National Police Air Service, British Nuclear Constabulary, Bay Search & Rescue, MOD, Duchy of Lancaster, Network Rail, National Grid, Westair, ANT, Lakes Gliding Club, Cumbria Soaring Club, North West Kite Club, Lancaster and Morecambe Model Aircraft Club, North West Balloon and Airship Club, Multiple GA pilots, Multiple Commercial Pilots (rotary and fixed wing) support.
We are grateful for the support from Lancaster City Council, Lancashire County Council, Lancashire Local Enterprise Partnership, Lancaster University and the University of Central Lancashire. 
All Routes
The chart opposite shows all the routes that the TDA may cover.
The RED letters detail the sectors.  
It is unlikely all the routes shown in Blue will be active simultaneously.
Chart reproduced with permission from CAA/Ordnance Survey
Chart is provided for indicative route purposes only and is not provided for navigational purpose.
Test Area "T"
This Test Area is designed to allow flight testing and communication tests with the associated ATC units.
It is a polygon created from four points located at: 
54° 8' 29.004'' N 2° 55' 50.376'' W 
54° 5' 21.228'' N 2° 48' 29.88'' W  
54° 4' 48.612'' N 2° 49' 9.012'' W 
54° 7' 55.524'' N 2° 56' 29.58'' W
Extending up to 400' AMSL (400' AGL)
Chart reproduced with permission from CAA/Ordnance Survey 
Chart is provided for indicative route purposes only and is not provided for navigational purpose.
Sector 'A'
Routes from Furness General Hospital to the Coast. A polygon from four points:
 54° 8' 33.9'' N 3° 12' 28.008'' W
54° 8' 27.672'' N 3° 4' 57.288'' W
54° 7' 46.452'' N 3° 4' 52.356'' W
54° 7' 51.096'' N 3° 12' 18.504'' W
Extending up to 709' AMSL
(400' AGL)
Chart reproduced with permission from CAA/Ordnance Survey 
Chart is provided for indicative route purposes only and is not provided for navigational purpose.
Sector 'B'
Route from Aldingham to Cartmel Wharf. 
A polygon from four points:
54° 8' 27.096'' N 3° 6' 0.648'' W
54° 8' 18.96'' N 2° 55' 9.408'' W
54° 7' 43.212'' N 2° 55' 10.812'' W
54° 7' 46.632'' N 3° 6' 2.34'' W
Extending up to 400' AMSL
Chart reproduced with permission from CAA/Ordnance Survey 
Chart is provided for indicative route purposes only and is not provided for navigational purpose.
Sector 'C'
Route from Cartmel Wharf to Storth. 
A polygon from six points:
54° 7' 51.744'' N 2° 56' 27.6'' W
54° 11' 56.256'' N 2° 52' 45.516'' W
54° 13' 43.5'' N 2° 48' 28.836'' W
54° 13' 18.12'' N 2° 47' 33.792'' W
54° 11' 29.904'' N 2° 51' 54.432'' W
54° 7' 33.492'' N 2° 55' 29.316'' W
Extending up to 422' AMSL
(400' AGL)
Chart reproduced with permission from CAA/Ordnance Survey 
Chart is provided for indicative route purposes only and is not provided for navigational purpose.
Sector 'D'
Route from Storth to Westmorland 
General Hospital. 
A polygon from ten points:
54° 13' 44.292'' N 2° 48' 30.204'' W
54° 15' 9.252'' N 2° 47' 29.616'' W
54° 16' 44.22'' N 2° 45' 38.16'' W
54° 18' 12.204'' N 2° 45' 11.196'' W
54° 18' 47.88'' N 2° 43' 53.256'' W
54° 18' 17.28'' N 2° 43' 12.36'' W
54° 17' 50.748'' N 2° 44' 10.356'' W
54° 16' 30.036'' N 2° 44' 38.436'' W
54° 14' 51.432'' N 2° 46' 30.324'' W
54° 13' 21.252'' N 2° 47' 31.776'' W
Extending up to 680'' AMSL
(400' AGL)
Chart reproduced with permission from CAA/Ordnance Survey 
Chart is provided for indicative route purposes only and is not provided for navigational purpose.
Sector 'E'
Route from Cartmel Wharf to R444
A polygon from four points:
54° 8' 18.924'' N 2° 56' 20.4'' W
54° 8' 21.192'' N 2° 55' 13.656'' W
54° 3' 45.756'' N 2° 54' 22.824'' W
54° 3' 44.928'' N 2° 55' 29.064'' W
Extending up to 400' AMSL
(400' AGL)
Chart reproduced with permission from CAA/Ordnance Survey 
Chart is provided for indicative route purposes only and is not provided for navigational purpose.
Sector 'F'
Route from Aldingham to R444. 
A polygon from four points:
54° 3' 44.928'' N 2° 54' 3.816'' W
54° 3' 42.048'' N 2° 55' 49.872'' W
54° 7' 59.124'' N 3° 6' 14.472'' W
54° 8' 30.948'' N 3° 5' 36.636'' W
Extending up to 400' AMSL
(400' AGL)
Chart reproduced with permission from CAA/Ordnance Survey  Chart is provided for indicative route purposes only and is not provided for navigational purpose.
Sector 'G'
Route from 
Lancaster Royal Infirmary to R444. 
A polygon from eight points:
54° 2' 54.348'' N 2° 47' 37.68'' W
54° 2' 12.012'' N 2° 47' 27.456'' W
54° 2' 7.944'' N 2° 48' 10.584'' W
54° 1' 52.464'' N 2° 48' 31.752'' W
54° 2' 10.176'' N 2° 51' 31.644'' W
54° 2' 50.1'' N 2° 51' 58.752'' W
54° 2' 34.512'' N 2° 48' 58.932'' W
54° 2' 43.908'' N 2° 48' 46.044'' W

Extending up to 615' AMSL
(400' AGL)
Chart reproduced with permission from CAA/Ordnance Survey   Chart is provided for indicative route purposes only and is not provided for navigational purpose.
TDA Volume &
Operating Height
The RPAS will operate at 250' Above Ground Level and will operate in a flight volume of 300' high and 400m either side of track. 
This Flight Volume will be surrounded by Contingency and Emergency Volumes creating a total volume of 400' high and 1200m wide.
Please note we have increased the width of the operating volumes to make chart annotation simpler.
About the Aircraft
For the Morecambe Bay RPAS Transit Routes we will be using our SLT (Separate Lift and Thrust) Remote Operated Aircraft. This is a 54.4m wingspan VTOL aircraft capable of carrying a useful payload across the Bay. 
We communicate with the the aircraft using 4/5G plus dedicated 5GHz as well as Satcom. 
The aircraft operates around 40 knots IAS.
Communicating with other Airspace users
We will be offering a Danger Area Crossing Service through BAe at Warton.
We will utilise the NOTAM system to inform other airspace users as to our operations and will provide this 24 hours before activation. We will split the TDA into route sections and we will only activate the minimum routes required. We will issue a single NOTAM that details all of the operations.
We have a comprehensive communication system in place, which can automatically text, for example, ATDs and ETAs to anyone that requires that information, and we can also provide Pre-Flight Information for the TDA via the dedicated telephone number. 
In the event of the emergency services requiring access to the airspace within a TDA, they will be given priority over RPAS traffic and we can collapse the TDA very quickly if necessary. 
Our RPAS is equipped with ADS-B and a Mode S Transponder for electronic conspicuity.
The schedule
We are working through the Airspace Change Process in accordance with CAP1616. 
Our aim is to operate a daily service, serving all three hospitals in the Bay area.
Our intended hours of operation will be established through stakeholder consultation with other airspace users and facilities within the Morecambe Bay Area.
"As the largest employer in Britain, responsible for around 4% of the nation's carbon emissions, if this country is to succeed in its overarching climate goals, the NHS has to be a major part of the solution. It is for this reason that we are committing to tackle climate change by reducing our emissions to ‘Net-Zero’."
Sir Simon Stevens, Chief Executive, NHS England - P3. Delivering a 'Net-Zero' National Health Service. Oct 2020
Working with HEMS & the GA community
Electric Aviation have already operated Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems within Restricted Airspace and have successfully co-ordinated flights with live operational GA and HEMS traffic to date.
Flights have been conducted both BVLOS and VLOS at multiple UK sites. Key to these flights has been our engagement works with the GA, commercial and military communities, allowing us to operate in complex environments and to establish operating procedures based on successful stakeholder risk assessments.
Why not send a van?
As with most technological changes, the key enabler is an effective business model. Unlike other RPAS activities, we are not grabbing headlines. Working with the Hospital Trust we are focused on evaluating the effects of RPAS operations across the Bay to enable greater service efficiencies within the NHS. 

Providing a faster transfer service allows the three hospitals to operate more efficiently, in a cheaper manner and, most importantly moving forward, reduce the Trust's carbon footprint. Our initial calculations show that replacing one of the daily round-robin vans that move samples, records and medications between hospitals could save over 15 tonnes of Carbon annually. But Carbon savings are only one area we aim to improve. Optimising the pathology service will lead to immediate healthcare gains across the Bay community.  
Calculating Carbon
Electric Aviation work closely with Lancaster based Miralis Data Limited. We calculate CO2 savings based on the difference between the tailpipe emissions of an internal combustion engine vehicle versus the CO2 produced by the power stations when generating the electricity to charge the drone. The important figures used within our calculations are:    
1) CO2 emissions for a Diesel Van – in this case a 2012 Mercedes Sprinter Van – 820g per KM  2) The average UK CO2g per KWh for power generation – 233.4g    
To compare these figures we simply multiply the calculated travel distance for the Van with the g per KM measure above. For the drone, we calculate the operation time of the drone in minutes, divide that by the drones max operation time, to create a ratio of battery usage, and use this ratio to multiply by the power generation and the battery size. E.g. Van journey = 20.3 KM Van CO2 = 20.3 * 0.820 = 16.646 Kg versus Drone Journey 20 mins Max flight time = 1hr Battery size = 2KWh Drone CO2 = 20/60 * 2 * 0.2334 = 0.155Kg.
Please note we have not calculated the carbon expenditure of other airspace users diverting around the proposed TDA routes as we believe there should be no diversions required. 

Send us your thoughts
As part of our stakeholder engagement we are actively seeking the thoughts and views of other airspace users who operate within the local area.

Please do send us your views.
Who are Electric Aviation?

We are a Cumbria based company specialising in the technologies and infrastructures of Remote Piloted Vehicles.

We hold CAA Operational Authorisation for the operation of Unmanned Aircraft.
Registration: GBR-OP-K8XSTWLDDJR8 UAS 13459

Electric Aviation Ltd.
Unit 2, The Stables Block,
Dalton Hall Business Centre,
Dalton Lane, Burton in Kendal,
Cumbria. LA6 1BL. UK
www.electricaviation.aero

©Electric Aviation Limited. 2022 Registered in the UK: 12456999